A New Approach to Control Diabetic Complications

A New Approach to Control Diabetic Complications


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(Abstract taken from the 1988-1989 Distinguished Scientist Lecture Series Program).

Scientific Director of the National Eye Institute of the National Institute of Health (NIH), Dr. Kinoshita is also NIH Chief of the Laboratory of Mechanisms of Ocular Diseases. Born in San Francisco, Dr. Kinoshita earned his B.A. degree from Bard College, Columbia University, in 1944 and his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1952 with his thesis ''Transpeptidation and Transamidination Reactions." Dr. Kinoshita began his teaching career as an assistant in science at Bard College, Columbia University, in 1944. He then held various positions at Harvard Medical School beginning in 1947 as a research assistant in its Department of Biological Chemistry and concluding as professor of biochemical ophthalmology in its Howe Laboratory until 1973. Dr. Kinoshita is a member of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, the American Society of Biological Chemists, the American Diabetes Association, the Cooperative Cataract Research Group, and the United StatesJapan Program for Promotion in Science. He is also an honorary member of the International Society for Eye Research. Dr. Kinoshita is on the editorial board of Experimental Eye Research, a position he has held since 1962. The recipient of many awards for his work, Dr. Kinoshita' s honors include an award from the Cataract Research Foundation of Japan (1986), the Alcon Research Award (1983 and 1984), the DHHS Performance Award (1983), the Presidential Rank Award of Meritorious Executive (1981), the Proctor Medal of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthamology (1974), and the Friedenwald Memorial Award of the Association for Research in Ophthalmology (1965). Dr. Kinoshita's research interests include chemistry and metabolism of ocular tissues, the study of cataracts, and diabetes.

His Work: Since the 1950s, the focus of Dr. Kinoshita' s research has been on the biochemistry of the lens of the mammalian eye, in particular the relationship of lens carbohydrate metabolism to the development of cataracts. His work has provided new insights into the formation of cataracts as a complication of diabetes.



Creation Date

May 20, 1989

A New Approach to Control Diabetic Complications