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This paper explores how American intelligence and preparedness when it came to chemical warfare exceeded what was known to the public at the time. While Roosevelt remained a strong voice throughout his political career against the use of gas, his legacy could only carry him so far. Following his death, Americans' views on resorting to weapons that could end the war more expediently shifted. Particularly with President Truman’s much more muted stance on the issue. In this paper I will argue that American gas policy throughout WWII was influenced by President Roosevelt’s personal ideology, but politics and the realities of warfare resulted in the United States engaging in extensive, and often contradictory, chemical operations.
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Jukić, Marko, "American Chemical Weapons Policy 1933-1945: Politics, Preparedness, and Warfare" (2020). Senior Projects Spring 2020. 49.
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