Date of Submission

Spring 2011

Academic Program



Donna Grover

Abstract/Artist's Statement

This project will look to explore the origin of the Womanist critique in poetry of the early 70's, specifically in Gwendolyn Brooks, Lucille Clifton and Nikki Giovanni. The misogynistic aesthetics of Black Nationalist Movement and the embedded racism within the 70's Feminist Movement left black women writers and activist seeking a space for their voice and identity. This space also served to provide political and academic recognition of the long tradition of community based activism. While the term "Womanist" wasn't introduced until 1983, I believe that these poets established the foundations for what defines womanist literature and the lens for its critique.

Distribution Options

Access restricted to On-Campus only

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

This work is protected by a Creative Commons license. Any use not permitted under that license is prohibited.

Bard Off-campus Download

Bard College faculty, staff, and students can login from off-campus by clicking on the Off-campus Download button and entering their Bard username and password.