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This project will look to explore the origin of the Womanist critique in poetry of the early 70's, specifically in Gwendolyn Brooks, Lucille Clifton and Nikki Giovanni. The misogynistic aesthetics of Black Nationalist Movement and the embedded racism within the 70's Feminist Movement left black women writers and activist seeking a space for their voice and identity. This space also served to provide political and academic recognition of the long tradition of community based activism. While the term "Womanist" wasn't introduced until 1983, I believe that these poets established the foundations for what defines womanist literature and the lens for its critique.
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Mooney, Sarah, ""And She is Also Me" Discovering the Womanist Critique in Brooks, Clifton and Giovanni" (2011). Senior Projects Spring 2011. 83.