Date of Award


First Advisor

Francisca Oyogoa

Second Advisor

Kristy McMorris


The development of policing in the United States has evolved over generations, yet it has continuously harmed the Black community. Systems of social control have consistently subjected African Americans to the stigma of presumed criminality. These targeted systems of policing have led to a system of racialized mass incarceration. This thesis traces how the policing of Black lives has evolved, from slavery in the South, the Jim Crow Era, the Great Migration to Northern cities, and post the Civil Rights Act of 1965. The thesis concludes with examining propositions about how the system can be reformed using our voices and willingness to take action as a nation.

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