Date of Submission

Spring 2023

Academic Program


Project Advisor 1

Brooke Jude

Abstract/Artist's Statement

The Staphylococcus species include Staphylococcus aureus that causes skin and soft tissue infections, Staphylococcus epidermidis that are common skin inhabitants. This study focused on the Staphylococcus saprophyticus, which is a cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Many people suffer from UTIs. It is one of the most common bacterial infections, affecting millions of people each year worldwide, causing illness and inconvenience in people’s daily life. This study aims to determine the effect of antibiotics on the bacteria, and its formation of biofilms, a bacterial community that adhere to the surface which increases the antibiotic resistance of that bacteria, at different concentrations of antibiotics doses, especially when small amounts are given. As a result, when non-lethal amounts of antibiotics are given to the bacteria, more biofilms are produced. It is important to notice because the growing biofilms makes the bacteria become more resistant to the antibiotic drug and reduce its effect.

Open Access Agreement

On-Campus only

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
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