Date of Submission

Spring 2019

Academic Programs and Concentrations


Project Advisor 1

Gabriel Perron

Abstract/Artist's Statement

Exposure to antibiotics found in aquatic environments can affect the development and stability of the microbiome in hosts in addition to increase the susceptibility to infection. There is little known about the effects of antibiotic pollution on tadpoles. To investigate how antibiotics affect the microbiome, we sequenced and characterized the microbiome of Xenopus laevistadpoles exposed to two concentrations of streptomycin- low (1 μg/mL) and high (10 μg/mL) for 7 days. We found that exposure to streptomycin causes dysbiosis in the microbiome of Xenopus laevis, reducing the diversity and structure of microbes found in tadpoles. In addition, we show that subclinical concentrations of streptomycin increased the abundance of class 1 integrons, an integrase-dependent system affiliated with the horizontal gene transfer of antibiotic resistant genes, in the tadpole microbiome.

Open Access Agreement

On-Campus only

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

This work is protected by a Creative Commons license. Any use not permitted under that license is prohibited.

Bard Off-campus Download

Bard College faculty, staff, and students can login from off-campus by clicking on the Off-campus Download button and entering their Bard username and password.