Date of Submission

Spring 2016

Academic Programs and Concentrations


Project Advisor 1

James Green-Armytage

Abstract/Artist's Statement

This paper determines that the main cause of the increase in net tuition is declining state grants and appropriations at public institutions and increased access to student loans at private institutions, in support of the Bennett Hypothesis. Instead of causing the increase in net tuition, increased external student aid cushioned arguably necessary increases in net tuition at public institutions. Baumol’s Cost Disease is investigated, but no evidence is found to support its claims, except to some extent at Bard College, which was analyzed separately. Instead, cost-cutting strategies are pervasive at many institutions, decreasing their reliance on tenured faculty. The market for higher education is imperfectly competitive, which is supported both theoretically and empirically through a fixed-effects regression model; competitive markets might not be good proxies of the higher education market. It is maintained that, despite increases in tuition, investments in higher education remain quite profitable for most students. Competing for peer inputs and maximizing quality is extremely costly for institutions; students are footing the bill for an increasing share of the cost of producing their education, yet still receive subsidies to bring price below cost. Endowment and private gift revenues could provide increased subsidization at private institutions while public institutions appear to be doing the best they can, given the “perfect storm” of declining revenues and increasing costs.

Access Agreement

On-Campus only

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

This work is protected by a Creative Commons license. Any use not permitted under that license is prohibited.

Bard Off-campus Download

Bard College faculty, staff, and students can login from off-campus by clicking on the Off-campus Download button and entering their Bard username and password.