Date of Submission
Academic Programs and Concentrations
Division of Social Studies; Psychology
Project Advisor 1
Bard College male student-athletes were investigated to determine if collective efficacy and athletic performance are affected by the insertion of a manipulated high self-efficacy subject or a manipulated low self-efficacy subject into a team. The basic paradigm for collective efficacy laboratory studies is: random assignment into groups à testing of individual capabilities à manipulation of collective efficacy through bogus (false) feedback à examination of group behavior in mock competitions. By slightly altering the paradigm, the self-efficacy of an individual is manipulated through bogus feedback in response to an athletic task (catching a SKLZ reaction ball), and examines this affect on collective efficacy and team performance. Teams in the high efficacy condition performed significantly better than their baseline score (p = .015) and rated their collective efficacy significantly higher than low efficacy teams (p = .018). This study also evaluates the extent of the collective “hot-hand” phenomenon or, in other words, psychological momentum in this task. With the use of quantitative and qualitative approaches to analyses, a dichotomy between the empirical and observational data is present. Qualitative data indicates the tendency to approach the catching task with the specific skill set of the sport the athlete played.
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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.
Williams, William Henry, "The Effect of Induced Self-Efficacy on Team Performance: A Task Involving Hand-Eye Coordination" (2014). Senior Projects Spring 2014. 404.