Date of Submission

Spring 2014

Academic Programs and Concentrations


Project Advisor 1

Kristin Lane

Abstract/Artist's Statement

Americans, often starting from middle school and persisting throughout life, tend to dislike and avoid mathematics and science, technology, engineering, mathematics (STEM) fields. In the current study, participants solved a series of anagrams designed to prime either academic success or failure, and indicated the extent to which they ascribed to a growth mindset (believing one's abilities can change throughout time) or a fixed mindset (believing one's abilities are stable throughout time). A 2 (priming condition) x 2 (mindset) Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) design tested the joint influences of priming and mindset on mathematics performance. Surprisingly, participants primed with notions of failure performed marginally better than those primed with notions of success. Mindset was not significantly related to participants' math performance and did not interact with the priming condition.

Open Access Agreement

On-Campus only

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

This work is protected by a Creative Commons license. Any use not permitted under that license is prohibited.

Bard Off-campus Download

Bard College faculty, staff, and students can login from off-campus by clicking on the Off-campus Download button and entering their Bard username and password.