Date of Submission
Foreign Languages, Cultures, and Literature
Project Advisor 1
The goal of this paper is to discuss the origins of female medical professionals and to explore the ways in which ancient female healers represented themselves. I argue that in fourth century Athens, legitimacy as a female medical professional in the eyes of doctors and the whole polis comes from a combination of using masculinized language to engage in medical discourse and feminine self-representation to expand the ideal of a “respectable woman.” Phanostrate’s funerary monument is the first look into how female healers legitimized themselves in the professional medical world, and so using her as a model, we can better understand the evolving world of professionalized medicine.
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Cremo, Hannah, "Phanostrate and the Legitimization of Professional Female Healers in Fourth Century Athens" (2021). Senior Projects Fall 2021. 19.
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