Date of Submission
Academic Programs and Concentrations
Global and International Studies
Project Advisor 1
Project Advisor 2
This paper seeks to illustrate the ways in which Russian meddling in the 2016 U.S. presidential election differs from its previous efforts to interfere in democratic processes and elections around the world. It presents three distinct factors that distinguish Russia’s 2016 campaign from its previous efforts: 1) the deployment of cyber technology and social media to manipulate public opinion and perception; 2) the simultaneous backing of ideological groups across the political spectrum to achieve societal disruption; and 3) the influence of external forces such as luck and good timing. Collectively, these circumstances establish a scope of Russian interference that was previously underemphasized. An extensive, historical examination of Moscow’s behavior will facilitate the deepest understanding of this unprecedented attack on American democracy, and will inform future strategic approaches used to confront the threat of foreign interference.
Open Access Agreement
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Roday, Miriam, "A Retrospective Look at Russian Interference: Why Russian Meddling in the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election is Different From its Previous Instances of Foreign Interference" (2018). Senior Projects Fall 2018. 3.
This work is protected by a Creative Commons license. Any use not permitted under that license is prohibited.Bard Off-campus Download
Bard College faculty, staff, and students can login from off-campus by clicking on the Off-campus Download button and entering their Bard username and password.