Science and Science Policy in the 21st Century: A Modest Proposal


Science and Science Policy in the 21st Century: A Modest Proposal


Leon Cooper


Media is loading



Leon Cooper was born and bred in New York City, attending the Bronx High School of Science and Columbia University (B.A. '51, Ph.D. '54). After receiving his Ph.D., Dr. Cooper became a member of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. Following short residencies at the University of Illinois and Ohio State University, he proceeded to Brown University in 1958 and became the Henry Ledyard Goddard University Professor there in 1966 and the Thomas J. Watson, Sr. Professor of Science in 1974. He is long time co-chairman of Brown University's Center for Neural Sciences, the successor to the Center for Neural Studies, of which he was the first director, with an inter-disciplinary staff drawn from the departments of Applied Mathematics, Biomedical Sciences, Linguistics, and Physics. He is also co-founder and co-chair­ man of Nestor, Inc., an industry leader in neural network systems applications. In recognition of his work Dr. Cooper has received, in addition to the Nobel Prize, the Comstock Prize (with J.R. Schrieffer) of the National Academy of Sciences, the Award of Excellence of the Graduate Faculties Alumni of Columbia University, the Descartes Medal of the Academie de Paris, Universite Rene Descartes, and the John Jay Award of Columbia College.

His work:

For his studies on the theory of superconductivity, completed when he was in his twenties, Dr. Cooper shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1972 with John Bardeen and J.R. Schrieffer. For the past twenty years he has been doing leading work on animal nervous systems and the human brain, working towards a scientific model of how the mind works.

(Text taken from the Distinguished Scientist Lecture Series Program 1991-1992).


Neural Science

Creation Date

October 19, 1991

Science and Science Policy in the 21st Century: A Modest Proposal