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Loneliness is a common negative experience, characterized by a subjective understanding of an incongruity between actual and desired social relationships. It has been related to a vast number of variables, including age, gender, academic achievement, culture, religiosity, size and satisfaction of social network, family size, living arrangement, Internet and Facebook use, health behaviors, weight, sleep quality, stress, depression, anxiety, happiness, extraversion, neuroticism, aggression, shyness, social skills, social perceptions, and self-esteem. It was hypothesized that when simultaneously measuring and controlling for all of these variables in a four-year longitudinal study of college students, those specifically associated with internal cognitive features would emerge as the best predictors of loneliness. As these variables are linked to one’s attributional style, it was also hypothesized that an attribution retraining intervention conducted at the start of the first year would successfully, though temporarily, reduce loneliness. It is expected that these hypotheses would be supported.
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Lindemann, Kristin Grace, "Links to Loneliness and the Effects of Attribution Retraining" (2013). Senior Projects Spring 2013. 225.